中国经济增长对农村贫困减缓影响的实证研究
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引用本文:戴 钰.中国经济增长对农村贫困减缓影响的实证研究[J].经济数学,2019,(4):69-74
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作者单位
戴 钰 (长沙理工大学 文法学院,湖南 长沙 410004) 
中文摘要:基于2007-2017年中国31个省际数据,通过构建面板平滑转换模型(PSTR)研究经济增长对贫困减缓影响的连续变化过程.研究结果表明:经济增长与农村贫困之间的关系呈现出非线性的特征.在模型的门槛值前后,经济增长对农村贫困程度的影响始终表现为抑制,说明了经济增长有助于农村贫困减缓.城乡收入差距和农业总产值都显著地起到了促进贫困减缓的作用.财政支农在短期内可促进贫困减缓,但统计上不显著,在长期内不利于贫困减缓.政府若长期通过财政支出扶持农村地区,可能会使农民对政府产生依赖和劳动惰性,从而不利于贫困减缓.
中文关键词:经济增长  贫困减缓  PSTR
 
An Empirical Study on the Impact of China's Economic Growth on Poverty Alleviation in Rural Areas
Abstract:Based on 31 interprovincial data of China from 2007 to 2017, a panel smooth transformation model (PSTR) was constructed to study the continuous change process of economic growth on poverty alleviation. The results show that the relationship between economic growth and rural poverty is nonlinear. Before and after the threshold value of the model, the impact of economic growth on the degree of rural poverty is always restrained, that is to say, economic growth contributes to the alleviation of rural poverty. The income gap between urban and rural areas and the gross output value of agriculture play a significant role in promoting poverty alleviation. Fiscal support for agriculture can promote poverty alleviation in the short term, but it is not statistically significant, which is not conducive to poverty alleviation in the long run. If the government supports rural areas through long-term fiscal spending, it may cause farmers to rely on the government and labor inertia, which is not conducive to poverty alleviation.
keywords:economic growth  poverty alleviation  PSTR
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