大国视角下中印两国产业体系比较研究
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引用本文:曹虹剑,吴红霞,杨 妮,王 艳.大国视角下中印两国产业体系比较研究[J].经济数学,2017,(3):7-13
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曹虹剑,吴红霞,杨 妮,王 艳 (湖南师范大学 商学院湖南长沙 410081) 
中文摘要:从产业规模、产业结构优化等6个维度,运用熵值法对2000年至2015年中国和印度的产业体系进行评价.实证结果表明:中国产业体系发展水平始终高于印度,而且差距有进一步拉大的趋势.两国科技创新能力的差距最大,其次是产业增长速度、产业规模以及产业结构优化,而资源节约与环境保护力度和信息化水平的差距相对较小.中国产业结构高级化水平处于一个稳步上升的状态,与此同时印度产业结构高级化水平一直处于波动的状态.印度产业结构的软化程度较高,而中国工业与服务业发展水平相对协调.
中文关键词:产业经济  熵值法  产业体系  产业规模  产业结构
 
A Comparative Study on the Industrial System of China and India from the Great Powers Perspective
Abstract:This paper used entropy method to evaluate the industrial system of China and India (2000-2015) from 6 dimensions of industrial scale and industrial structure optimization and so on.The empirical results show that the development level of China's industrial system is always higher than that of India,and the gap between the two countries is widening continuously.The gap of science and technology innovation capacity between the two countries is the biggest,followed by the industrial growth rate,industrial scale and industrial structure optimization,and the gap of resource conservation and environmental protection and the level of information is relatively small.Chinas advanced industrial structure level is in a state of steady rise; at the same time,the advanced industrial structure level of India is fluctuant.The softening degree of the industrial structure in India is relatively high,while the development level of China's industry and service industry is relatively harmonious.
keywords:industrial economy  entropy method  industrial system  industrial scale  industrial structure
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