收入分配对农村居民恩格尔系数的影响研究
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引用本文:王宋涛.收入分配对农村居民恩格尔系数的影响研究[J].经济数学,2012,(3):1-6
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作者单位
王宋涛 (华南师范大学 经济与管理学院广东 广州 510006) 
中文摘要:恩格尔系数是衡量居民生活水平的重要指标.本文通过理论分析和实证研究发现:收入差距扩大降低了我国农村居民的恩格尔系数,提高了农民总体生活水平,收入差距对总体生活水平上升的贡献度达到1/3,从而出现“分配越不平等,农民生活水平越高”的悖论.因此在对农民生活做(福利)评价时,必须同时考虑总体指标和分配指标,在发展农村经济、提高农民生活水平过程中,必须重视收入分配,兼顾公平与效率,才能实现农民的福利最大化.
中文关键词:农村居民  收入差距  恩格尔系数  生活水平
 
Study on Impact of Income Distribution on Rural Residents’ Engel Coefficient
Abstract:The Engel coefficient is an important indicator to measure the standard of living. The theoretical and empirical research found that the widening income gap reduced the Engel coefficient of rural residents, and improved their living standards, which gives rise to the paradox that more inequality of allocation, the higher the living standards of rural residents. In a welfare evaluation of the life of the rural residents, the overall target and distribution indicators should be taken into account and in the process of developing the rural economy and improving farmers' living standards, paying attention to income distribution and balancing the fairness and efficiency should be done to maximize the welfare of farmers.
keywords:rural residents  income gap  engel coefficient  fairness and efficiency
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